This state of flux is our changing attitudes.  So let's take a quick look at a few attitudes.


Shelley compares his Romantic hero Prometheus to Milton's Satan from Paradise Lost.

The only imaginary being, resembling in any degree Prometheus, is Satan; and Prometheus is, in my judgment, a more poetical character than Satan, because, in addition to courage, and majesty, and firm and patient opposition to omnipotent force, he is susceptible of being described as exempt from the taints of ambition, envy, revenge, and a desire for personal aggrandizement, which, in the hero of Paradise Lost, interfere with the interest.

But Prometheus is, as it were, the type of the highest perfection of moral and intellectual nature, impelled by the purest and the truest motives to the best and noblest ends.

Satan's character is flawed because his aims are not humanistic. Satan is like Prometheus in his struggle against the universe, but Satan loses his heroic aspect after being turned into a serpent who desires only revenge, and becomes an enemy to mankind. What in our analysis we might express as the thought that progress is evil or sinful, would, in the mind of Aeschylus, may more likely be a shadowy relic of loyalty to the tribe' – a vague fear of anything that might weaken social solidarity; like niggers.

If we do sympathise with Prometheus, we view God as omnipotent.  Although divine beings represent something that is opposed to the human will, both represent something inside of the human mind that seeks to limit uncontrolled free will: reason and conscience. Shelley gives the power of reason and conscience to his God: the Unseen Power of Hymn to IntellectualBeauty.

The heart of the problem, as far as President Trump is concerned, is whether America is going to be merely a place; or an actual moral community.  It's an important question, because (believe it or not) there are many people who don't want America to be moral.  In particular: old people, black people, union members, Mexicans, women; and congress.


But none of these people can come out and say that they hate what President Trump stands for; so instead they try to make the Marxist argument that he isn't qualified for the job.​

What do these two have in common?  Their attitude.

What Marxists and Communists don't want to admit is that businessmen are the key to economic growth.  Instead, they claim that poverty is caused by "injustice."  And so is climate change.  Therefore, to stop global warming, the West needs to give poor countries trillions of dollars; because, they claim, communism and environmentalism are the same thing; because people are pure potential.

Now let's recap a little of the material:  Lincoln wanted people to be morally close, through a shared proposition.  Marx said that true "history" is the history of the means of production.  Freud said that true "history" is the history of human nature.  And others said that our self-esteem; our moods, affections, and capacities are really matters of chemistry.

All of these ideas came together to form our modern conception of wholeness and autonomy; supposedly we are in a state of perpetual "becoming."  In other words, there is no human nature; there is only pure potential; and personal identity is nothing but a hindrance.  We are all in a state of flux.

Human subjects have labour power. Their labour in the work process interacts with the means of production (object). The means of production consist of the object of labour (resources, raw materials) and the instruments of labour (technology). In the work process, humans transform an object (nature, culture) by making use of their labour power with the help of instruments of labour. The result is a product that unites the objectified labour of the subject with the objective materials s/he works on. Work becomes objectified in a product and the object is as a result transformed into a use value that serves human needs. The productive forces are a system, in which subjective productive forces (human labour power) make use of technical productive forces (part of the objective productive forces) in order to transform parts of the nature/culture so that a product emerges.

​Since when does a Princess look up at the camera?​

Of course, President Trump knows that this this is not true.  But just for fun, let's look at what the left has to say.


The premise of Marxism is that no one should make a profit.  Everybody should be paid in full for what they have produced.